Psychology is a form of natural therapy that aims
to promote natural health- it is considered an alternative and natural
treatment used to enhance a happy and healthy lifestyle.
Welcome to Psychology
at Natural Earth
Psychology is an academic and applied field involving
the study of the human mind, brain, and behavior. Psychology also
refers to the application of such knowledge to various spheres of
human activity, including problems of individuals' daily lives and
the treatment of mental illness. The word psychology comes from
the Greek psyche ("soul," "mind") and -ology,
"study"). Rudolph Goclenius (1547-1628), a German scholastic
philosopher, is credited with inventing the term 'psychology'.
In 1879 Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) (known as the father of Psychology)
founded a laboratory at the Leipzig University in Germany specifically
to focus on the study of psychology. William James later published
his 1890 book, Principles of Psychology which laid many of the foundations
for the sorts of questions that psychologists would focus on for
years to come.
Meanwhile, Sigmund Freud, who was trained as a neurologist and
had no formal training in experimental psychology, had invented
and applied a method of psychotherapy known as psychoanalysis. Freud's
understanding of the mind was largely based on interpretive methods
and introspection, but was particularly focused on resolving mental
distress and psychopathology. Freud's theories became very well-known,
probably because they tackled subjects such as sexuality and repression
as general aspects of psychological development. These were largely
considered taboo subjects at the time, and Freud provided a catalyst
for them to be openly discussed in polite society. Although Freud's
theories are of virtually no interest today in psychology departments,
his application of psychology to clinical work has been very influential.
Partly as a reaction to the subjective and introspective nature
of psychology and its exclusive dependence upon the recollection
of vague and faraway childhood experiences, behaviorism began to
become popular as a guiding psychological theory. Championed by
psychologists such as John B. Watson, behaviorists argued that psychology
should be a science of behavior, not the mind, they rejected the
idea that internal mental states such as beliefs, desires, or goals,
could be studied scientifically. Behaviorism was the dominant model
in psychology for much of the early 20th century, largely due to
the creation and successful application (not least of which in advertising)
of conditioning theories as scientific models of human behavior.
However, it became increasingly clear that although behaviorism
had made some important discoveries, it was deficient as a guiding
theory of human behavior. Noam Chomsky is considered one of the
major factors in the ending of behaviorism's reign. Chomsky demonstrated
that language could not purely be learned from conditioning, as
people could produce sentences unique in structure and meaning that
couldn't possibly be generated solely through experience of natural
language, implying that there must be internal states of mind that
behaviorism rejected as illusory.
The goal of psychology is to describe and attempt to explain consciousness,
behavior and social interaction.
here to read more about Psychology
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